by Hailey Hirst
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Many of us who spend time outdoors pride ourselves on being friends with the environment. We do our best to follow Leave No Trace principles, support conservation efforts, and probably think we know how to recycle. But it’s time to ask — As much as we love the planet, are we really doing this right? And what does that even mean anyway?
In learning more about recycling and thinking about greater systems at play, we’re reconsidering a lot of our habits, assumptions, and the biases we hold so close to our love for nature. Because one thing is true: being a modern outdoors person means also living in a world of plastic. We eat packaged bars, wear synthetic clothing, carry technical packs, and pack ultra-light in sandwich bags.
If we want to do better, that means we need to understand some of the nuances when it comes to recycling and outdoor recreation. Whether you’re backpacking or cleaning out your gear closet, here are some recycling tips to keep in mind:
Editor’s note: This guide is a jumping off point for further education. While we are not experts, we believe we all can and should dig in to learn more for ourselves.
Even if you aren’t leaving any trash on the trail, it’s worth knowing that it could still end up in the environment if it’s not disposed of properly. Whether a bird scatters trailhead trash or a recycling bin gets ‘contaminated’ by styrofoam or spoiled food and sent to a landfill rather than recycling facility, it’s worth knowing some best practices.
Not every city or locality is equipped to recycle all types of plastic, and different waste management systems handle foam, food scraps, and other debris differently. Whether you are at home or traveling in the U.S., BeRecycled.org is a great resource to get recycling info by zip code and by material type.
Type 1 (PET) plastic is the most universally accepted and easiest type of plastic to recycle. Other types… not so much. This guide is helpful in understanding what all the numbers inside the recycling logo mean.
No, really clean them. Unless you’re recycling a water bottle, you’ll need to rinse or even scrub out plastic containers to make sure they’re clean from food and beverage residue or other gunk to be sure it’s accepted at a recycling facility.
Closing the loop and making all our systems as circular as possible makes everything more sustainable by using less resources and reducing waste along the way. The idea of circular economies is to reuse materials and transform waste into a real resource. While recycling isn’t the be all, end all solution to plastic and waste management issues, changes towards circularity are a very good thing
Aluminum cans are a great example of circular recycling. Recycling aluminum saves about 90% of the energy it takes to make new, and it’s one of the most-recycled materials in the U.S. Nearly 75% off all aluminum ever produced is still in use today.
Plastic recycling is different in that the materials degrade over time differently than metals, but we could still go a long way in closing the loop. Recycling rates of plastic bottles in the U.S. are below 30% so encouraging more recycling could greatly impact how much new plastic is produced.
How do you know what you’re buying is recycled? It probably will say somewhere on the label. A lot of companies that are making changes in this direction are communicative about it.
Clothing and gear might not be top of mind when you think about plastics and recycling, but technical apparel and other items are often highly (if not completely) made of synthetic materials. It’s positive that some of our gear—especially fleece—might be made of recycled plastics, but it’s worth considering the whole life cycle of gear that gets washed and ages over time. Some things to know:
And the loss of these particles when washing laundry is the largest contributor to microplastic pollution in the ocean and other watersheds. Wash bags and filters can help keep those particles out of the environment. (We like this Guppyfriend bag and this Fitrol microfiber filter)
Within the outdoor industry, this could look like…
It’s easy to villainize a water bottle, but not think twice about a granola bar wrapper, deli salad box, or a bag of chips. Living with plastic is a 5,000 piece puzzle. When’s the last time you looked around a grocery store or gas station and thought about how almost every single item you can buy is wrapped in plastic? This is especially true at convenience stores and budget stores. It can be cost prohibitive to shop at natural markets that are organic and low-waste.
The plastics used in food wrappers also can’t be recycled the same way that PET bottles can be. Instead of just tossing in a bin, plastic film and wrappings might need to be dropped off at a specific location depending on where you are, and many wrappers that combine materials or end up greasy are destined only for the landfill.
The key here is examining our relationship with these materials and trying to find ways to either recycle where we can, or getting more comfortable with alternatives that are less likely to have excess packaging, like:
Going more low-waste might be easier than you think!
We all want to call a healthy Earth home. We’ve sometimes noticed that, in outdoor communities specifically, folks are so eager for change that they shame others who may not have the same level of awareness or education about best practices when it comes to recycling, sustainability, stewardship, and so much more.
We all have had times in our lives where we haven’t had access to recycling or we need to make an accomodation in the moment. None of us are perfect environmentalists. There’s no such thing! And to hold someone else to that standard is unfair and counterproductive.
We have great power as consumers to advocate for change and invest in companies who are addressing issues we care about, but the responsibility shouldn’t all be on us as individuals to create the change we want to see in the outdoor products, food, and beverages we love. Just as coming together to hold bigger companies and governments accountable can make a collective impact, it is equally the obligation of these larger organizations with power to work towards change for the health of people and the planet.
Banner image by Damien Dufour via Unsplash
Hailey Hirst is She Explores‘ digital content editor and brand designer. She has a leash-trained tuxedo cat and a young daughter who join her on the trails close to home in British Columbia and Idaho.